Sexual Violence

Sexual violence is any unwanted sexual activity. It often happens between two people who know each other.

Sexual assault A person forces some type of unwanted sexual activity on another person, without that person’s consent—from rape to other forms of unwanted sexual activity. The abuser uses force, makes threats, or takes advantage of the other person. Sexual assault is a crime. 
Sexual harassment A person makes unwanted sexual gestures or comments, or has unwanted sexual contact that offends or humiliates someone. Examples include slapping someone on the bum, catcalling or whistling, and sexual gestures or words. 
Child sexual abuse

Any sexual activity with a minor—someone under 18 years.

  • Taking or sharing sexual photos or videos of a minor; showing sexual photos or videos to a minor
  • Touching a minor sexually; asking a minor to touch you or another person sexually
  • Talking in a sexual manner over the phone or internet
Human trafficking A person controls other people and sells or trades them to a third party for sexual activity.
Preventing access to safe sex A person’s behaviour puts the other person at risk when they have sex. For example, the abuser refuses to wear a condom, even if the other person asks them to. Or they refuse to get tested for STIs.